Die Tour de France war die Austragung des wichtigsten Etappenrennens im Straßenradsport. Gesamtsieger der Rundfahrt wurde Geraint Thomas. Im Special zur Tour de France erfahren Sie alles zum großen Radsport-Ereignis in Frankreich. Verfolgen Sie jede Etappe der Frankreich-Rundfahrt live im. Das größte Radrennen der Welt ist mehr als Sport. Es ist Geschäft, Spektakel, Doping. Wie die Tour de France drei Menschenleben lenkt.
Tuesday, July 10 km La Baule - Sarzeau. Gaviria wins stage 4 in Sarzeau. Wednesday, July 11 Sagan wins stage 5 in Quimper. Dan Martin wins on the Mur de Bretagne.
Groenewegen wins stage 7 in Chartres. Groenewegen doubles up in Amiens. Sunday, July 15 Degenkolb wins much-feared stage in Roubaix.
Monday, July 16 Annecy. Tuesday, July 17 Alaphilippe wins in Le Grand Bornand. Wednesday, July 18 Geraint Thomas wins stage 11 at La Rosiere, takes yellow.
Thursday, July 19 Thomas wins atop Alpe d'Huez. Friday, July 20 Peter Sagan wins stage 13 bunch sprint in Valence. Fraile wins in Mende.
Sunday, July 22 Magnus Cort wins stage 15 in Carcassonne. Monday, July 23 Carcassonne. Alaphilippe wins stage Quintana wins short stage 17 atop Col du Portet.
Demare wins stage 18 in Pau. Friday, July 27 Roglic wins final mountain stage in Laruns. Dumoulin wins stage 20 time trial as Thomas cements overall victory.
Sunday, July 29 km Houilles - Paris. Geraint Thomas wins Tour de France. In , three films chronicled a team.
By following their quest for the points classification, won by Cooke, the film looks at the working of the brain. It was directed by Bayley Silleck, who was nominated for an Academy Award for documentary short subject in for Cosmic Voyage.
Vive Le Tour by Louis Malle is an minute short of This minute documentary has no narration and relies on sights and sounds of the Tour. After the Tour de France there are criteria in the Netherlands and Belgium.
These races are public spectacles where thousands of people can see their heroes , from the Tour de France, race. The budget of a criterium is over , Euro, with most of the money going to the riders.
Jersey winners or big-name riders earn between 20 and 60 thousand euros per race in start money. Allegations of doping have plagued the Tour almost since Early riders consumed alcohol and used ether , to dull the pain.
In , the "Tour of Shame", Willy Voet , soigneur for the Festina team, was arrested with erythropoietin EPO , growth hormones , testosterone and amphetamine.
Police raided team hotels and found products in the possession of the cycling team TVM. Riders went on strike.
After mediation by director Jean-Marie Leblanc , police limited their tactics and riders continued. Some riders had dropped out and only 96 finished the race.
It became clear in a trial that management and health officials of the Festina team had organised the doping. Further measures were introduced by race organisers and the UCI , including more frequent testing and tests for blood doping transfusions and EPO use.
In , Philippe Gaumont said doping was endemic to his Cofidis team. In the same year, Jesus Manzano , a rider with the Kelme team, alleged he had been forced by his team to use banned substances.
Doping controversy has surrounded Lance Armstrong. He said he had used skin cream containing triamcinolone to treat saddle sores.
Favourites such as Jan Ullrich and Ivan Basso were banned by their teams a day before the start. Seventeen riders were implicated. American rider Floyd Landis , who finished the Tour as holder of the overall lead, had tested positive for testosterone after he won stage 17, but this was not confirmed until some two weeks after the race finished.
Following his plea that other cyclists admit to drugs, former winner Bjarne Riis admitted in Copenhagen on 25 May that he used EPO regularly from to , including when he won the Tour.
On 24 July Alexander Vinokourov tested positive for a blood transfusion blood doping after winning a time trial, prompting his Astana team to pull out and police to raid the team's hotel.
His Cofidis team pulled out. The same day, leader Michael Rasmussen was removed for "violating internal team rules" by missing random tests on 9 May and 28 June.
Rasmussen claimed to have been in Mexico. The alleged lying prompted Rasmussen's firing by Rabobank. After winning the Tour de France , it was announced that Alberto Contador had tested positive for low levels of clenbuterol on 21 July rest day.
During the Tour, the 3rd placed rider from , Fränk Schleck tested positive for the banned diuretic Xipamide and was immediately disqualified from the Tour.
Postal Service cycling team , implicating, amongst others, Armstrong. The report contained affidavits from riders including Frankie Andreu , Tyler Hamilton , George Hincapie , Floyd Landis , Levi Leipheimer , and others describing widespread use of Erythropoietin EPO , blood transfusion, testosterone, and other banned practices in several Tours.
One rider has been King of the Mountains , won the combination classification, combativity award, the points competition, and the Tour in the same year— Eddy Merckx in , which was also the first year he participated.
Had the young rider's jersey been available at the time, he would have won that too. Twice the Tour was won by a racer who never wore the yellow jersey until the race was over.
In , Jan Janssen of the Netherlands secured his win in the individual time trial on the last day. The Tour has been won three times by racers who led the general classification on the first stage and holding the lead all the way to Paris.
Maurice Garin did it during the Tour's very first edition, ; he repeated the feat the next year, but the results were nullified by the officials as a response to widespread cheating.
Ottavio Bottecchia completed a GC start-to-finish sweep in And in , Nicolas Frantz held the GC for the entire race, and at the end, the podium consisted solely of members of his racing team.
While no one has equalled this feat since , four times a racer has taken over the GC lead on the second stage and carried that lead all the way to Paris.
It is worth noting that Jacques Anquetil predicted he would wear the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification from start to finish in , which he did.
That year, the first day had two stages, the first part from Rouen to Versailles and the second part from Versailles to Versailles.
No yellow jersey was awarded after the first part, and at the end of the day Anquetil was in yellow.
The most appearances have been by Sylvain Chavanel , who rode his 18th and final Tour in Prior to Chavenel's final Tour, he shared the record with George Hincapie with In light of Hincapie's suspension for use of performance-enhancing drugs, before which he held the mark for most consecutive finishes with sixteen, having completed all but his very first, Joop Zoetemelk and Chavanel share the record for the most finishes at 16, with Zoetemelk having completed all 16 of the Tours that he started.
Of these 16 Tours Zoetemelk came in the top five 11 times, a record, finished second 6 times, a record, and won the Tour de France. In the early years of the Tour, cyclists rode individually, and were sometimes forbidden to ride together.
This led to large gaps between the winner and the number two. Since the cyclists now tend to stay together in a peloton , the margins of the winner have become smaller, as the difference usually originates from time trials, breakaways or on mountain top finishes, or from being left behind the peloton.
The smallest margins between the winner and the second placed cyclists at the end of the Tour is 8 seconds between winner Greg LeMond and Laurent Fignon in The largest margin, by comparison, remains that of the first Tour in Three riders have won 8 stages in a single year: The fastest massed-start stage was in from Laval to Blois The longest successful post-war breakaway by a single rider was by Albert Bourlon in the Tour de France.
This is one of the biggest time gaps but not the greatest. The only rider to win the Tour de France and an Olympic gold medal in the same year was Britain's Bradley Wiggins in In , Wiggins was joined by Geraint Thomas as the only Tour de France champions to have won an Olympic gold medal in a velodrome ; they were both on the team which won the Team Pursuit Gold Medal at the Beijing Olympics.
Four riders have won five times: Indurain achieved the mark with a record five consecutive wins. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the French national multi-day bicycle stage race.
For other uses, see Tour de France disambiguation. For other uses, see Tour disambiguation. List of Tour de France general classification winners.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. General classification in the Tour de France. List of Tour de France general classification winners and Yellow jersey statistics.
Mountains classification in the Tour de France. Points classification in the Tour de France. Young rider classification in the Tour de France. Amsterdam , Netherlands Brussels , Belgium Cologne , West Germany Scheveningen , Netherlands Charleroi , Belgium Leiden , Netherlands Frankfurt , West Germany Basel , Switzerland West Berlin , West Germany Luxembourg , Luxembourg Den Bosch , Netherlands Dublin , Ireland London , United Kingdom Monte Carlo , Monaco Rotterdam , Netherlands Leeds , United Kingdom Utrecht , Netherlands Düsseldorf , Germany Doping at the Tour de France.
List of professional cyclists who died during a race. Tour de France records and statistics and Yellow jersey statistics.
De Dion was a gentlemanly but outspoken man who already wrote columns for Le Figaro , Le Matin and others. He was also rich and could afford to indulge his whims, which included founding Le Nain Jaune the yellow gnome , a publication that " In he revived the Paris-Brest event after a decade's absence.
Giffard was the first to suggest a race that lasted several days, new to cycling but established practice in car racing.
Unlike other cycle races, it would also be run largely without pacers. His position as editor depended on raising sales. That would happen if the Tour succeeded.
But the paper and his employers would lose a lot of money if it didn't. Desgrange preferred to keep a distance.
He didn't drop the flag at the start and he didn't follow the riders. Desgrange showed a personal interest in his race only when it looked a success.
It reflected not only the daring of the enterprise but the slight scandal still associated with riding bicycle races, enough that some preferred to use a false name.
The first city-to-city race, from Paris to Rouen, included many made-up names or simply initials. The first woman to finish had entered as "Miss America", despite not being American.
Riders had points deducted for each five minutes lost. A rider in last position knew he would be disqualified at the end of the stage.
If he dropped out before or during the stage, another competitor became the last and he would leave the race as well.
That weakened a rival team, which now had fewer helpers. He died in Bruno and published in , it sold six million by , seven million by and 8,, by It was used in schools until the s and is still available.
Retrieved 30 July Retrieved 3 June Archived from the original on 17 February Retrieved 6 August Archived from the original on 5 September Archived from the original on 23 June Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 30 December Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 27 May Le Tour de Souffrance".
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Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 23 February Retrieved 3 August Retrieved 23 March Archived from the original PDF on 7 July Retrieved 6 July Retrieved 9 July Archived from the original on 18 August Tour de France time bonuses could spell the end for breakaways".
Armstrong dominates on l'Alpe d'Huez". Tour de France starting in Monaco". Archived from the original on 12 February Retrieved 4 November Legend says people in remote areas ran into their houses at the sight of a giant model black lion on the roof of a car promoting Lion Noir shoe polish in Selling the Yellow Jersey: The Tour de France in the Global Era.
The Tour de France: University of California Pres. Retrieved 19 February University of California Press.
Retrieved 15 August Archived from the original PDF on 17 October Archived from the original on 14 September Archived from the original on 27 July Lecture 9 Transcript [ permanent dead link ] , by John M.
Merriman , Open Yale Courses , 3 October Retrieved 11 July Retrieved 29 June Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 21 May Some observations on beer and cycling in the early s".
Retrieved 27 September Archived from the original on 27 June Archived from the original on 19 March Archived from the original on 8 May Tour leader rides from Texas plains to Champs-Elysees".
Retrieved 5 January Retrieved 30 June Retrieved 26 May Beltran positive for EPO". Retrieved 7 November Tour 'winning war against doping ' ".
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Archived from the original on 6 July Archived from the original on 9 December Allchin, Richard; Bell, Adrian Golden stages of the Tour de France: Armstrong, Lance ; Jenkins, Sally [1st.
It's Not About the Bike: My Journey Back to Life. Le Tour de France: Cazeneuve, Thierry; Chany, Pierre La fabuleuse histoire du Tour de France.
Dauncey, Hugh; Hare, Geoff [1st. The Tour De France, Johns Hopkins University Press. Het zweet der goden: The Story of the Tour de France, Volume 1.
The Story of the Tour De France: Moore, Tim [1st. Cycling the Tour de France. The Rise and Rise of the Tour de France. A Cultural History 2nd ed.
Berkeley, California , U. Woodland, Les [1st. The Unknown Tour De France: Inside the Tour de France: The Pictures, the Legends, and the Untold Stories.
The Tour De France A History of the Tour de France, — Parc des Princes — Part of the Grand Tour. General classification winners Secondary classification winners Records and statistics Yellow jersey statistics.
General classification winners Secondary classification winners Records and statistics. General classification winners Points classification winners Mountains classification winners Stage winners at all three tours.
General classification Mountains classification Points classification Young rider classification Team classification Triple Crown of Cycling.
List of road bicycle races men women. Race stage Criterium Individual time trial Team time trial. Retrieved from " https: Pages using Timeline CS1: Views Read Edit View history.